[Animal Rights Quotes] [Animal Protection Law] [Animal Liberation] [Anti-Vivisection] [Blood-Sports, Hunting] [Humanity-Justice-Kindness] [Intelligence-Reason-Emotion] [Poetry-Plays] [Religion-Sermons: Souls, Future Life] [Use-Abuse, Slavery of Animals] [Vegetarians-Vegans; Cruelty of Slaughter]
Animal Rights History: Animal Rights Quotes • Animal Rights Activists • Law • Historical Literature Library-Archive of Primary Sources
Animal Rights-Humane History
Animal Welfare-Animal Rights
"A wonderful resource for all of us interested in learning more about those who have spoken for the voiceless in the past."
Tom Regan, author of The Case for Animal Rights
As an ongoing effort to provide free online access to historical literature against cruelty to animals, our Animal Rights-Humane History Timeline will include not only the more noted events and activists in the history of animal rights, animal welfare and protection, but lesser known advocates against cruelty to animals as well. Please note that Animal Rights-Humane History is a work in progress and many individuals who spoke out against cruelty and for the rights of animals are not yet a part of this website. Please contact-us @AnimalRightsHistory.org if you would like to become a contributing editor to Animal Rights History.
Animal Rights History: Antiquity [BCE-c485]
Mythical-Divine Origin; Remote-Classical Antiquity [BCE-CE]
Animal Rights History: Medieval-Dark Ages [c485-1450]
Middle Ages; Old-Middle English Literary Period
Animal Rights History: Renaissance [1450-1660]
English Renaissance and Reformation
Animal Rights History: Age of Enlightenment [1660-1785]
Enlightenment: Restoration [1660-1689]
Animal Rights History: Romantic Age [1785-1837]
Romanticism; The Romantic Poets; Romantic Age
Animal Rights History: Victorian Age [1837-1901]
Victorian Age; Beginnings of the Anti-Vivisection Movement
Animal Rights History: 20th Century-Modernism [1901-1945]
Early-Mid 20th Century-Modernism
Laws, Acts, Bills, Legislation against Cruelty to Animals highlight Animal Rights Activists, Animal Welfare Advocates, and Legislators accomplishments for Animal Rights, Animal Welfare and Protection of Animals. Thomas Wentworth's Act of 1635 in Ireland, as well as Nathaniel Ward's contribution to the Massachusetts Body of Liberties of 1641 establishes laws against cruelty to animals in America an Ireland almost 200 years prior to the passage of Richard Martin's Act of 1822, a Bill to Prevent the Cruel and Improper Treatment of Cattle. Since these contributions were largely unknown until the late 20th century, the modern era of anti-cruelty legislation is usually traced back to the precedence set by "Martin's Act" and the amendments and legislative enactments against cruelty to animals that followed. And although there are anti-animal cruelty laws of mythical and divine origin, can be found within ancient mythology and religious teachings, dating back to antiquity, it is King Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE who we now credit as the first to establish not only law for the protection of animals, but the slaughter of animals as food or for sacrifice unlawful as well. ¹
"Whereby [men] pretend a right to invade and violate [animals'] natural rights" (Thomas Tryon, 1684), and "with no kind advocate to plead in behalf of their invaded rights" (Clergyman, 1824), references to the rights of animals in historical literature against cruelty to animals "pleading the rights of the animal creation" (Legh Richmond, 1801) "acknowledg[ing] that there are the RIGHTS of a BEAST, as well as the RIGHTS of a MAN" (Herman Daggett, 1791) helped form "the foundation of the Rights of Animals" (Thomas Young, 1798).
Pre-socratic philosopher Pythagoras advocated a natural diet; entire essays against flesh-eating can be found as far back as the first century; and later authors continued to advocate the Pythagorean diet of fruits and vegetables. Pleas from vegetarians, remarks of individuals whose sentiments suggest they might be vegetarians—although history offers no proof—and remarks against cruelty of slaughter and eating of flesh document the history of vegetarianism.
Animal Rights Religion: Sermons, Religious Quotes-Teachings
Against Cruelty to Animals; Sacrifice, Souls, Future Life of Brutes
Humanity-Justice-Kindness to Animals; Humane Education
Against Cruelty to Animals; Teaching Children Kindness to Animals
Use-Abuse of Animals, Fur-Feathers-Leather; Slavery of Animals
Animals as Labourers, Domesticated Animals; Quotes Against the Cruelty of Fur, Feathers, Millinery; Protection of Birds; In Loving Memory of my friend and fellow activist Jennie Alvarado who coined the phrase "Make Compassion the Fashion."